The Agra Fort is a UNESCO world heritage site located in the city of Agra. It is often referred to as the Lal Qila or Red Fort of Agra. The fort is nothing short of a walled palatial city. It is one of the important forts of India. In the past, the great Mughals lived here and it contained the largest state treasury and mint. The fort is located about 2.5 kms north of Taj Mahal.
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The fort was originally a brick fort by the Chauhan Rajputs. Later the Lodis captured it and held it for more than a century. The Mughals, after the battle of Panipat, captured the fort along with the vast treasure that it contained.
A part of the treasure was a very large diamond which was later known as the Kohinoor Diamond. Realizing the importance of the fort and Agra, Akbar made it his capital in the year 1558. It was during this period that the Fort was rebuilt using red sand stone. Close to 4000 workers toiled for around 8 years to complete the construction of the fort.
The architecture of the fort is so fabulous that in the year 2004, it won the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. The layout of the fort is in the form of a semi circle and the chord lies parallel to the river.
The Delhi Gate and the Hathi Pol are two of the gates of the fort. Both of them are excellent pieces of intricate craftsmanship and beauty. There are lots and lots of building inside the Agra Fort and is truly a place worth visit in your travel schedule.