The geography of North India is something that can surprise
many. From lofty hills to low lying plains, north India is
truly a surprising amalgamation of varied geographical features.
As we describe the North India geography, it must be pointed
out at the very outset that this region consists of 12 different
states. They are Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana,
Punjab, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand,
Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi and Rajasthan. It also needs
to be known that Bihar and Jharkhand are considered to be
parts of Eastern India as well.
The Vindhya Mountains form the southern boundary of North
India, while the line made by the Son and Kosi rivers form
the eastern boundary of the region. Besides, the Indo Gangetic
Plain covers a major part of North India. Punjab, Haryana,
Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand along with some of the
eastern parts of Rajasthan fall in this region. The Indo Gangetic
Plain is a major farming area apart from being one of the
most densely populated areas in the world.
The northern part of India is also home to many lofty mountain
ranges like the Himalayas, Aravallis, Vindhyas and Satpuras.
Meanwhile, the Thar Desert makes its presence felt in some
north Indian states of Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana.
When it comes to the geography factors, special mention
needs to be made of the major rivers of this region. They
include the Ganga, Yamuna, Narmada, Jhelum, Sutlej, Chambal