One of the oldest civilization in the world, India boasts
of a rich culture, history and heritage. The history of India
dates back to the beginning of the human civilization. Indian
History is broadly divided into Ancient, Medieval and the
Modern History. Because of its rich culture and civilization,
History of North Indian has not only been dynamic but interesting.
Tours of North India offers to provide you with online information
on History of North India, India.
Ancient India has been divided into the Vedic
and the pre Vedic period. Vedas date back to the Vedic period
and it is during this period that Hinduism first arose. In
the 4th and the 5th century BC Asoka of the Maurya dynasty
ruled large parts of north India. Whole of India was mainly
unified under the Gupta dynasty and this period in the Indian
History was also known as the Golden Age. Rajasthan an integral
part of North India was ruled by the Rajputana clan from about
700 AD. Rajasthan was ruled by the Pratihars during 750-1000
AD. Between 1000-1200 AD, Chaulkyas, Parmars and Chauhans
fought for the Supremacy of Rajasthan.
In the medieval era or around 11th century BC with the invasion
of the Turks and Afghans, Delhi Sultanate established its
hold in India. Lodhi's, Tughlaq's, Sayyids etc. are the dynasties
that ruled the northern part of India during the Delhi Sultanate
era. In the early 16th century the descendants of Genghis
Khan established the Mughal dynasty. During the Mughal rule
the most of India was again politically united as a single
In the medieval period, parts of Rajasthan also came under
the Muslim rulers. Ajmer, Nagaur, Ranthambore etc. were some
of the areas ruled by them. Mewar emerged as one of the most
powerful states of Rajasthan during this time. Rajasthan was
politically united during the Mughal Period but with the disintegration
of the Mughal Empire, Rajasthan too was politically disintegrated.
With the decline of the Mughals, the Marathas established
their hold in Rajasthan and with the beginning of the 19th
century, Pindaris took control of the area.
In the later part of the 17th century (the modern period),
with the disintegration of the Mughal Empire, the British
started establishing its hold through the East India Company
and by 1850 controlled most of India. In 1857 the rebellious
sepoy mutiny in north India caused the British Parliament
to transfer all political powers from the east India Company
to the crown.
By the end of the 19th century efforts were made towards
establishment of self-government in British India and Indian
councilors were appointed to advise the British Viceroy. Later
the Indians were also given a say in the legislative council.
In 1920 with the coming of the Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian
freedom struggle scenario, the class movement was transformed
into a mass movement. Non-Cooperation, Civil Disobedience,
Quit India etc. were some of the movement that played an important
role in the attainment of freedom struggle. On 15th August,
India became independent and a dominion within the commonwealth.
Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India
and Rajendra Prasad the first President.
At the time of Independence, The Rajputana State of Rajasthan
comprised 19 princely states, which were later formed into
the present state of Rajasthan after a long process of integration.